January 10, 2019
Did you have a happy New Year? We certainly hope so. Now it’s time to get back to regular routines and take care of January chores, including gathering your tax information.
The 2019 Tax Season Begins on January 28
Despite the partial government shutdown, the IRS announced that the 2019 tax season will begin on January 28th. The beginning of tax season marks the first day that the IRS will accept individual electronic returns and start processing traditional paper returns.
Soon, you and more than 150 million of your fellow Americans will be sifting through tax information and preparing returns — or have them prepared for you. In 2017, tax preparers filed almost 78.6 million electronic returns. In 2018, the industry employed 292,257 tax practitioners in 121,721 businesses and created $10 billion in revenue. Expect tax preparers to be even busier in 2019 due to the new tax laws in effect.
You may have an alternative to paying for tax services. About 70% of American taxpayers are eligible to save money by using IRS Free File. The IRS and their commercial partners supply free software to families or individuals making less than $66,000. This software can help you file your taxes without the need of outside assistance.
Regardless of who prepares your taxes, most of us have until April 15 to file a return or an extension. Because of the Patriots’ Day holiday on April 15 in Maine and Massachusetts and the Emancipation Day holiday on April 16 in the District of Columbia, taxpayers who live in Maine or Massachusetts have until April 17, 2019, to file their returns.
Tax Brackets and Tax Rates for 2018 Returns
For your 2018 tax return, which you’ll file this season, the seven tax brackets set by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act are 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, and 37%. For married taxpayers filing jointly the lower thresholds for each tax bracket are $19,051 (12%), $77,401 (22%), $165,001 (24%), $315,001 (32%), $400,001 (35%), and $600,001 (37%). Individual taxpayer thresholds are $9,526 (12%), $38,701 (22%), $82,501 (24%), $157,501 (32%), $200,001 (35%), and $500,001 (37%).
Did you know that the upper tax brackets do not apply directly to overall income? Those in the 37% tax bracket do not pay 37% of their total taxable income. Using married filing jointly as an example, they pay 10% on the first $19,050 of taxable income, 12% of the difference between $19,051 and $77,400, 22% of the difference between $77,401 and $165,000, and so on until reaching $600,001 when the 37% marginal rate takes effect on all further income.
How much tax revenue does the IRS take in?
During the last fiscal year, the federal government raked in $3.33 trillion in revenue. That works out to just over $10,000 for every man, woman and child in the U.S. Individual income taxes accounted for $1.9 trillion of that total.
Expecting a Tax Refund?
Generally, refunds are issued in less than three calendar weeks after receipt, but the government shutdown may delay them this year. That makes e-filing even more popular, since the submission is immediate. Last year over 126 million tax returns were e-filed, with more than 53.9 million people preparing and e-filing their own returns.
It may be a bit much to expect a happy feeling from tax season, but who knows? You can get the satisfaction of having your taxes done early and avoid the stress of desperate last-minute searches for receipts and other vital tax information, and perhaps enjoy a smaller tax bill thanks to the new laws. Besides, there could be a refund in your future, and that should keep the happiness rolling through the New Year.